The Department of Health and Human Services HHS is not providing adequate oversight of federally funded abstinence-only-until-marriage programs. To View this Resource: Government Accountability Office, Kirby gathered information on over studies to identify the elements that made the programs effective.
The weight of scientific evidence finds that AOUM programs are not effective in delaying initiation of sexual intercourse or changing other sexual risk behaviors.
Abstinence only until marriage majority in each of these groups is opposed to abstinence-only curriculum and wants a more comprehensive curriculum. Young people who took a pledge were one-third less likely to use contraception when they did become sexually active than their peers who had not pledged.
The curricula reviewed contain false information about the risks of abortion, blur religion and science, promote gender stereotypes, and contain basic scientific errors.
It does so with certain guidelines and restrictions on the recipients. Despite this evidence, the U. AOUM programs, as defined by U. Young people need access to accurate and comprehensive sexual health information to protect their health and lives.
Today, virginity pledges are also part of most abstinence-only-until-marriage curricula and programs. In addition, virginity pledges, a cornerstone of many of these programs, have been shown to be ineffective at best and possibly harmful.
National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, When they work, pledges help this select group of adolescents delay the onset of sexual intercourse for an average of 18 months—far short of marriage.
Thus, AOUM programs threaten fundamental human rights to health, information, and life. Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. None was evaluated for behavioral impact. Research has found these pledges to be ineffective and potentially harmful.
This Congressional report prepared for Representative Henry Waxman D-California found that widely used federally funded abstinence-only curricula distort information, misrepresent the facts, and promote gender stereotypes.
Young people need access to accurate and comprehensive sexual health information to protect their health and lives. The Waxman Report Source: August 22, Adolescence is marked by the emergence of human sexuality, sexual identity and the initiation of intimate relations; within this context, abstinence from sexual intercourse can be a healthy choice.
AOUM programs, as defined by U. The STD consequences of adolescent virginity pledges Source: Opponents of abstinence-only education dispute the claim that comprehensive sex education encourages teens to have premarital sex. See the Journal of Adolescent Health online at http: These programs have never been proven effective and often rely on fear, shame, and misinformation.
Given a rising age at first marriage around the world, a rapidly declining percentage of young people remain abstinent until marriage. Under a Creative Commons license open access Abstract Adolescence is marked by the emergence of human sexuality, sexual identity, and the initiation of intimate relations; within this context, abstinence from sexual intercourse can be a healthy choice.
See the Journal of School Health online at: The researchers reviewed 21 curricula for abstinence-only-until-marriage programs used in middle school grades fifth to eighth or with middle school-aged audiences ages 9— However, programs that promote abstinence-only-until-marriage AOUM or sexual risk avoidance are scientifically and ethically problematic and—as such—have been widely rejected by medical and public health professionals.
Thus, AOUM programs threaten fundamental human rights to health, information, and life.
Based on the available evidence, experts assert that government support of these programs has undermined sexuality education in the U.Comprehensive sexuality education holds far more promise for promoting positive sexual behaviors among young people than abstinence-only-until-marriage programs.
Yet, the debate goes on about which approach to fund and how medical accuracy clauses should be included in state legislation mandating comprehensive sexuality education. Sincethe federal government has spent over $2 billion on abstinence-only-until-marriage programs. They don’t work.
Adolescence is marked by the emergence of human sexuality, sexual identity and the initiation of intimate relations; within this context, abstinence from sexual intercourse can be a healthy choice.
However, programs that promote abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) or sexual risk avoidance (SRA. A new review of U.S. sexuality education policies and programs reaffirms the harms of abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) programs and the importance of investing in comprehensive sexuality education.
U.S. abstinence-only-until-marriage policies and programs are not effective, violate adolescent rights, stigmatize or exclude many youth. Proponents of abstinence-only sex education argue that this approach is superior to comprehensive sex education because it emphasizes the teaching of morality that limits sex to that within the bounds of marriage, and that sex before marriage and at a young age has heavy physical and emotional costs.Download