In Sudan, civil conflict stretching back to four decades has pitted the Arab-Muslim North against the non-Arab Christian in the south. The competition for land has been aggravated by the inadequate position of boundary and states.
Strategies for Prevention and Resolving Communal Conflict Most strategies particularly, formal mechanisms to prevent and resolve conflict have often failed to address the roots of the problems, and hence fail in maintaining and restoring durable social concord. Also, studying environmental changes in the North-Central region of Nigeria is essential for analyzing various ecological and developmental consequences over time.
While the Act provides that all land and its resources belong to the government, the reality is that, traditional forms of land ownership, traditional forms of land ownership are still more recognize among the rural populace, thereby leading to often bitter and bloody conflicts between people in the bid to retain ownership and control of lands Ayua, It is in light of these realities that this study is being carried out.
Social Organization and Trado-Political Structure The social organization of the Tiv is founded on kinship construed by tracing descent exclusively through the male.
The floodplain and its enclosed river are flanked by Cretaceous sediments. Introduction One of the major global concerns is the problem of declining land resources that are being threatened by the rapid human population growth, increasing environmental degradation and changing pattern of climate at local and regional levels.
Additionally, others who profit from conflict e.
This is due to the fact that the socio-cultural and environmental setting within which the Homer-Dixon theories developed differs significantly from that of the Tivs. According to Yeicho,schools are burnt, hospital vandalized, markets are closed, commercial activities grounded for days.
The peasant life therefore depends essentially on ownership of a piece of land. Some of these conflicts have been characterized as crises of identity Isa,or competition for control of the political space whatever its form and nature, Egwureveal that communal conflict pose a fundamental threat and challenge to the state, and erode current attempts at institutionalizing virile and durable democracies in Africa, particularly in Nigeria.
In Tivland, some of the most notable conflicts include the following: In some cases, ethnicity and ideology have been used as instruments by leaders to pursue political goals.
Tiv is a cultural group of a people,who by census numbered one and half million. The mass killing of people in Zaki Biam in Benue and Udi in Akwa Ibom state among other example is a clear indication that using law enforcement agencies and other formal strategies to resolve conflict is counterproductive.
Homer-Dixon proposed that the threshold of environmental scarcity could be attained as a result of interaction of sources of scarcity in a particular environment.
As the most populated African nation with over million people, Nigeria has not been spared its share of violent conflicts, particularly communal conflicts. Of specific interest to this study are: The peak period of the River Benue is between the months of June and September, a period when the highest amounts of rain is received within and around the state.
Inter-communal tensions have frequently become protracted, and the response to violence has often focused on short-term solutions.Hence, the definition of ‘group’ as regards conflicts in Tivland remains dynamic as clans in Tiv may come together to fight a common enemy (inter-communal) but later fight amongst themselves (intra-communal).
This paper (1) examines the causes of communal conflict in Tivland (2),challenges,as well as the(3) strategies of resolving and managing conflicts in Tivland and society in general. Introduction The African continent has been, and continues to be engulfed in one conflict after another.
Communal and ethnic conflicts have been endemic in Tiv-land and these have underdeveloped the area. In order to check the menace of the crises, the paper tried to unravel the causes and effects of the phenomena and as well.
The complex issues of population-resources pressure vis-à-vis communal conflicts in Tivland is the focus of this study.
Field interviews and observations were carried out while Census figures forandand Land Use/Land Cover (LU/LC) data of study area forand were used to calculate the Land Consumption Rate (LCR) and Land Absorption Coefficients (LAC).
Communal Conflict in Tiv Land: Strategy for Resolution Words | 17 Pages. Nigeria has experienced violent conflicts and antagonism rooted in religion, ethnicity, and economics. communal conflicts in Tiv land area of the Middle Belt region of Nigeria are not an exception.
It is the submission of this paper therefore, that the use of traditional institution in resolving communal conflict in Tiv land and by extension, Nigeria remains the most realistic and workable strategy.Download